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paolo-ceric-4  Ralph & Bev Shock   paolo-ceric-4

Factor Label Practice Sheet Beginning Handouts
Acid Base Chemistry Gas Laws
Memorization Test Material

Memorization Test Material

List all the metric prefixes with their name and symbol. List their value as a power of ten from 1 trillion to 1 trillionth:

Tera T 1012 deci d 10-1
Giga G 109 centi c 10-2
Mega M 106 milli m 10-3
Kilo K 103 micro µ 10-6
hecto h 102 nano n 10-9
deka da 101 pico p 10-12

Write one English to metric conversion factor for:

Length Mass Volume
2.54 cm = 1.0 inch 453.59 g = 1.0 pound 3.785 Liters = 1.0 gallon
1.609 km = 1.0 mile 2.205 pounds = 1.0 kilogram
3.28 ft = 1.0 meter 1.00 fluid oz.=29.57353 mL

Write the formulas for the following:

Kelvin to Celsius
K- 273 = ºC

Celsius to Kelvin
ºC + 273 = K

Fahrenheit to Celsius
(ºF - 32)/1.8 = ºC

Celsius to Fahrenheit
ºC x 1.8 + 32 = ºF

Derivations for the density equation:
Density = mass / volume

Mass = density x volume

Volume= mass / density

Memorize the density of water is equal (1gram/cm3)=density(H2O)

Derivations for the specific heat equation:

Cp = energy/(mass x (deltaT)) deltaT= change in temperature= (final temp - initial temp)

Mass = energy/(Cp x(deltaT))

Energy = Cp x mass x T

Final Temperature
T(final)= (energy/(Cp x mass)) + T(initial)

Memorize the specific heat of water is 1.0 cal/g x ºC

Memorize the density of water at 4.0 ºC is 1.0 g/mL
How to Recognize Ionic Compounds:
Metal & Nonmetal: Example NaCl
Metal & Polyatomic ion: Example Na2SO4
Two Polyatomic ions: Example NH4NO3
Ammonium ion and a monoatomic anion: Example NH4Cl

How to Recognize Molecular Compounds:
Two or more nonmetals:
Example: Binary molecular compounds: CCl4, H2O, CO2.
Example: Ternary molecular compounds: C6H12O6.
Seven diatomic molecules H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, and I2
Polyatomic ions: Names and Formulas with charges: (25 total polyatomic ions)

Phosphates and Phosphites including the hydrogenated forms
Phosphate PO43- Phosphite PO33-
Hydrogen phosphate HPO42-
Dihydrogen phosphate H2PO41-

Sulfates and Sulfites including the hydrogenated forms
Sulfate SO42-
Hydrogen sulfate HSO41- (old name bisulfate)
Sulfite SO32-
Hydrogen sulfite HSO31- (old name bisulfite)

Chromate CrO42-
Dichromate Cr2O72-

Carbonates including the hydrogenated form
Carbonate CO32-
Hydrogen carbonate HCO31- (old name bicarbonate)

Chlorates and Chlorites
Perchlorate ClO41-
Chlorate ClO31-
Chlorite ClO21-
Hypochlorite ClO1-

Nitrates and Nitrites
Nitrate NO31-
Nitrite NO21-

Polyatomic ions that end in ide
Hydroxide OH1-
Cyanide CN1-

The positive polyatomic ion:
Ammonium NH41+

The other 4 not listed above:
Permanganate MnO41-
Silicate SiO32-
Oxalate C2O42-
Acetate C2H3O21-